In 2009 the National Archives of Australia released their newest version of their Xena digital preservation software. As stated on their website, “Xena aids in the long term preservation of digital records. Xena is an acronym meaning Xml Electronic Normalising for Archives.” It detects the file formats of digital objects and converts digital objects into open formats for preservation. It has been used in the preservation of a range of electronic formats, such as websites and email.
General site: http://xena.sourceforge.net/index.php
Tool for converting email Outlook PST files to XML: http://xena.sourceforge.net/help.php?page=setemail.html
In 2007 the Government 2.0 Taskforce published their Project 9 Report titled, “Preservation of Web 2.0 Content“, written by Barbara Reed. The report, “draws on recordkeeping standards and practices to provide a framework for appraisal of Web 2 content, identifies emerging technologies for capture and preservation and makes recommendations on how to facilitate better use of Web 2 content.”
Indiana University Bloomington just released a detailed report titled “Meeting the Challenge of Media Preservation: Strategies and Solutions.” As stated at the report, “the foundation of the Task Force’s preservation planning is a set of principles created to guide the development and implementation of preservation strategies. The key product of this analysis was construction of the “Indiana Approach” to preservation transfer work, which maintains preservation principles within a high efficiency workflow. This approach reaches campus preservation targets within the defined fifteen-year time period while addressing preservation concerns and supporting high quality work.” Although developed
specifically for the Bloomington campus, the findings and analyses in “Meeting the Challenge” may be useful to universities and other organizations with media holdings.
Here is the Introduction to the “International Research on Permanent Authentic Records in Electronic Systems (InterPARES) 2: Experiential, Interactive and Dynamic Records” which was published in 2008. The Introduction to the InterPARES 2 Project Book discusses the goals of the project, which include “ensuring that records can be trusted as to their content (that is, are reliable and accurate) and as records (that is, are authentic) while used by their creator; selecting the records that have to be kept for legal, administrative, social or cultural reasons after they are no longer needed by their creator; preserving the selected records in authentic form over the long term; and analyzing and evaluating advanced technologies for the implementation of these methodologies in a way that respects cultural diversity and pluralism.”
In 2010 the International Journal of Digital Curation published an article written by David S. H. Rosenthal and titled, Bit Preservation: A Solved Problem? The article looks at recent research into how well actual storage systems preserve bits, showing that they fail to meet the requirements by many orders of magnitude, and suggests ways to deal with the situation.
JISC has created a site titled a Beginner’s Guide to Digital Preservation. While the site was made for JISC projects, it provides helpful information about digital preservation, starting with defining the problem, and discussing the types of digital media that need to be preserved, the importance of metadata, and helpful tools.
The IFLA World Library and Information Congress published a paper titled “Puzzling over Digital Preservation – Identifying Traditional and New Skills Needed for Digital Preservation” written by Thomas Bähr, Michelle Lindlar, and Sven Vlaeminck. The paper describes necessary know-how identified, ranging from digital curation skills needed to evaluate digital data carriers to specialist digital preservation knowledge of file formats needed to describe information with the goal of sustaining accessiblilty over long-term.
In 2003 Anne R. Kenney and Nancy Y. McGovern published an article titled, “The Five Organizational Stages of Digital Preservation,” in Digital Libraries: A Vision for the Twenty-first Century. In their article they discuss five stages of organizational response to digital preservation:
Acknowledge: Understanding that digital preservation is a local concern
Act: Initiating digital preservation projects
Consolidate: Seguing from projects to programs
Institutionalize: Incorporating the larger environment
Externalize: Embracing inter-institutional collaboration and dependency.
The new report titled Digital Preservation Practices and the Rhizome ArtBase by Ben Fino-Radin discusses the digital preservation practices at the Rhizome ArtBase. The Rhizome ArtBase is an online archive of new media art. This paper provides an analysis of their past and present digital preservation practices and provides insight into a sustainable framework for the future. It may prove helpful to individuals or organizations looking at preservation strategies and case studies for managing a range of born-digital content.